Criminology and cybersecurity.
Choose your study abroad courses in Milan, Florence and Mantua.
Organized crime in Italy: the subcultures in the war between the different mafias and the State.
CR CY 301 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
What are the origins of organized crime in Italy? What are the peculiar characteristics of the “Italian way” in the dynamics of criminal associations? The course provides analytical tools on the bases of socio-criminological theories to the various criminal associations operating on Italian territory, giving special attention to a new phenomenon called “Antistato” and its attacks to public institutions. You will analyze the development of criminal subcultures to the extent of creating a sense of belonging and militancy in the name of crime. How have the prevention, investigative and repression dynamics of the prosecution process changed throughout the years? Which cases have created a media effect capable of rocking consciences and contributing to the creation of policies aimed at law and order’? The course is addressed to anyone who wants to go beyond stereotypes and wants to research the reasons for trying to “neutralize” the concept of crime among the social groups arising from a violent, underdeveloped and ultimately illegal response to authority. Documents of private and public Italian and foreign archives, newspapers analysis, political, juridical and sociological texts, the readings of the most important court cases topics will contribute to creating “A common history made up of individual stories”.
Political terrorism in Italy: the “Years of Lead” and the attacks on State representatives, free voices and masses.
CR CY 302 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
What were the “Years of Lead”? What impact has political terrorism had in Italy? What types events occurred and how did the State react? What were the peculiarities of the use of violence as a political instrument in Italy, compared to similar European cases? The course objective is to provide socio-criminological analytical tools to study the political terrorism phenomenon that changed the way Italians lived and ended the large students and workers’ protests of 1968. The attacks on politicians, culminating with the kidnapping and assassination of the statesman Aldo Moro, the kneecapping of the “free voices” calling for the rediscovery of a collective civic conscience, the assassination of the journalist Walter Tobagi, the kidnapping of the General Dozier, are just some of the cases that will be covered in order to analyze the political terrorism of communist-revolutionary groups. The tension strategy and the plans of terrorism by fascist groups will be covered in the second part of your studies. The phenomenon of “pentitismo” and the political communication of crimes will lead discussions about the past, focusing on its differences from the contemporary context. Documents of private and public Italian and foreign archives, newspapers analysis, political, juridical and sociological texts, the readings of the most important court cases topics will contribute to creating “A common history made up of individual stories”.
When crime becomes a media topic: a study of fiction and noir through literature and videos in Italy.
CR CY 303 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
Why do crime novels and their Media representations sell-out among Italian viewers? How have public and private TV channels programming changed in relation to crime stories? Is there a real correlation between the spreading of criminal behaviors within some social and age groups and the media coverage of evil? The course examines the criminal and deviance phenomenon in Italy, through an analysis of its cinematographic representation: from the “crime shows” of the 70’s to contemporary Italian productions; from the birth of “infotainment” television formats to the production of series inspired by stories of the war between organized crime and State Defense forces. How has crime reporting in newspapers and in industry journals changed? Killers, victims and “viewers” are all part of a narrative with an educational and political purpose, but is there an unpredictable risk of provoking criminal behaviors? Documents of private and public Italian and foreign archives, newspapers analysis, political, juridical and sociological texts, the readings of the most important court cases topics will contribute to creating “A common history made up of individual stories”.
The criminal figures in Italian literature: between fascination and conviction.
CR CY 304 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
From Dante’s circles to Manzoni’s “bravi”, how has the noir genre been portrayed in Italy, the land of Lombroso, in highbrow literature? Which real life cases inspired writers for characters in their novels or for “fictional reality”? Through a sociocriminological analysis of the great classics of Italian literature, the course will highlight how the topics of crime, offence, deviance, punishment and the relation “between politics and culture” have been addressed, through the tales of lives on the edge. The narrator’s words will guide you also in the analysis of the changing perception of the relation between “crime” and “offence” in Italian everyday life and the progressive shift of attention on the crime that took a life to the culprit’s life, researching the causes for his/her borderline behaviors. The course will show how writers’ sensibility has raised awareness of the dangers of labeling, as a concept meant to make up self-fulfilling prophecies. Documents of private and public Italian and foreign archives, newspapers analysis, political, juridical and sociological texts, the readings of the most important court cases topics will contribute to creating “A common history made up of individual stories”.
The penitentiary system in Italy: the complex mixture of punishment, rehabilitation and education
CR CY 305 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
The writer and politician Altiero Spinelli, in 1949, wrote to the lawyer Piero Calamandrei: “If I’m not mistaken, prisons are commonly conceived as a tool for punishment and re-education to civilian life. Based on my observations and experiences, I can assure you they are two coarse deceptions”. What picture does the Italian collective imagination have of the prison world? What prejudices and what policies? The course wants to introduce the world of prison wardens, of prisoners, the topographical features of the prison world and how it has evolved throughout Italian history. You will analyze the projects designed to offer socio-psycho-communicative support systems for the daily mediation between cultures, stories and stress management, seen by the world “behind bars”. We will study the role of Prison Wardens and what projects, in relation to the European Union, are in place for the development of this professional pro le and stress prevention management. The STORIE A SCACCHI will be analyzed: anthological re ections on how through time, recreational, disclosure and “law” literatures, the images of the prison world and the modern prison of cer have been presented. The course will present practical cases of applied socio-criminological, “neutralization”, “subcultural identity” and “labeling” theories in the daily prisoners’ progress.
Sex crimes in Italy
CR CY 306 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
Gender based violence and violence against genders define the world of sexually motivated crimes. Has the evolution of lifestyle and technologies ultimately given birth to new types of crimes or just to their brutal evolution? The course provides the instruments to do a socio-criminological analysis of the topic of sex crimes in Italy. It will focus on the socio-educational dynamics targeted to the prevention of the debasement of others as a simplified offence caused by revenge, impulse or rage. You will analyze law sources and the ethical-socio implications linked to the duty to protect primary and secondary victims. You will examine the recognition proceedings of “feminicide”, the difficulties arising from the analysis of domestic violence and homophobic crimes. How is the trafficking and movement of sex-workers in the city streets and in the virtual rooms of the Web set out in the Italian context? You will also analyze the impacts in the history of literature and the clichés that have generated deviant subcultures. A focus session on victimology in sex crimes cases in Italy will be included in the study plan.
Juvenile delinquency in Italy: from homes to classrooms, to public squares.
CR CY 307 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
What de nes the juvenile deviancy phenomenon in Italy? What are its forms and subcultures? Can we talk about “antisocial teens” or about a society made up of “embryos of adults”? If the action is defined as criminal or as an offence only by the law, then it’s necessary to better understand youth culture in order to outline rehabilitation and prevention interventions. The course provides a socio-criminological itinerary of “becoming deviant” in the youth universe in relation to external elements and groups’ dynamics, in relation to self- defense mechanisms. The course will focus on the role models proposed by society to young people; on the requests defining the Italian youth universe and if these are in line with their peers’ requests in other Countries. We will analyze deviant juvenile behaviors occurring in society and in the virtual world. Italian social history will be examined in order to understand the aspects determining the seductiveness of deviancy among young people. Squares, schools and homes will be analyzed through sociological studies and media coverage in order to understand the prevention dynamics of deviant juvenile behavior.
The road to Restorative Justice in Italy.
CR CY 308 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
A criminal event causes social unrest and a series of reactions and emotions that often lead us to ignore the victim’s fate, to forget the necessary reintegration process of the perpetrator and to ignore the recovery of a relationship of respect and trust which is at the basis of society. Often when applying the law, the victim is perceived as a sort of “pretext” to legally pursuing the culprit. Often, society does not focus enough attention on rebuilding the universe of broken relationships in the minds and hearts of two destinies that have been “joined by evil”. The course provides a scenario of the implementation processes of theories, models and European guidelines on the Restorative Justice topic. From the analysis of socio-criminological theories for the neutralization of crime and labeling, carried out by juvenile delinquents in schools, by delinquent boys, by criminal organizations and in war crimes and crimes against Humanity, the course provides introductory models of Restorative Justice for rehabilitation and acceptance of responsibility. We will focus on how R.J. could be the way to reset the human self and to prevent escalations of pain and terror, based on revenge before “a past that doesn’t go away”.
The road to the Holocaust in Italy: the history of racial laws and anti-Semitism in fascist Italy.
CR CY 309 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
Which forms did the Holocaust have in Italy? What roles did Law, propaganda and prejudices play in the conception of “guilty of existence”? Through the study of laws, memoirs and texts of the time, the course will help you reflect on how, in various groups, law and codes of behaviors can become instruments that increase differences between people and create a “morally inclined plan”. You will analyze the context in which “the other” is vilified as “different” or in situations of real or feared danger, where “the other” is labeled as the “enemy”. Anti-Semitic legislations in fascist Italy show how the precondition to the “genocide” was a complex propaganda and legislation campaign, able to create the “crime of existence”. How was it possible to create a world where being a “good citizen” means contributing to the progressive and systematic annihilation of those who are merely “guilty of existence”? What methods can be used to re-establish a sense of trust in the “law” and in the “community” for the victims of a crime that wasn’t considered an “offence”? What teachings can be acquired and used in everyday life?
Cybercrime in Italy: deviance and criminality on the Net.
CR CY 310 – Cr: 3; Contact hrs.: 45
Technology has changed the world of interpersonal relations, it has cut geographical distances, but has it also changed the perception of empathy? What image of the human being comes through the meshes of the Net? Is cybercrime the new name given to old deviant behaviors or does it have its own identity and an “innovative” nature? What are the most famous cases of cybercrime in Italy? The course provides cyber world students an understanding of the situation of cybercrime in Italy: from its appearance to the outlining of repression and prevention policies. You will examine the evolution of law in relation to cyber- crimes and the implementation of a specialized Police force in order to ensure justice and protection in the cyber world. What type of cyber criminals are spreading on the Net? The course will answer this question by focusing on the utilization of the Net for the purpose of spreading delinquent subcultures.
Sessions: FALL 2018 (August 27th – December 14th) / SPRING 2019 (January 29th – May 18th)
Locations: Milan or Florence or Mantua
- Customizable 4 courses + Italian Language (3-4 hrs. / week)
Customizable 3 courses + Italian Language (6hrs / week)
Sessions: JANUARY 2019 / JUNE 2019 / JULY 2019
Locations: Milan or Florence or Mantua
- One course
GRAND TOUR PROGRAM
Sessions: FALL 2018 (August 27th – December 14th) / SPRING 2019 (January 29th – May 18th)
Locations: Florence and Milan and Mantua
- Semester Program